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  1. #101
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    Southern Indiana
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    Kubota/B7800

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    Quote Originally Posted by Ken View Post

    jejeosborne. Good information. took the information from Measurments and Electriacl Engineering book part 2 written by Roland Marshall Prof of engineering Purdue University. Ind. Uhmm in 1943

    A side note also Retired from Ark power and Light 18 years ago Company now Entergy of Ark. Breaking away from Entergy group System due to we had the transmission lines 500 K.V. and 2 900 Mw units Nuke plant and 2 900 Meg. Watt coal fired plants and having to give the profits to Miss or La. to pay there continous bills. by Federlly mandated equalization payments. (Never let the camel stick its nose in the tent because soon the whole animal is in inside telling you how to generate power.)Also merging the trasmission lines with ITC Holdings to be completed in 2013. Talk about a fresh breeze blowing 30 years of legal wrangling
    over who owns power plants we built.
    Your giving good electrical information I was trying to get those who think any method to lite a bulb is o'k . To rethink the methods.
    ken
    I wasn't around when that book was written, lol. Things in this industry change so often. I have been in the wholesale energy business for 18 years and the last 15 years have changed more than the previous 100 years. Mostly due to individual control areas joining and making large power pools and the FERC order 888 back in the 90's that allowed open access to the transmission system. That FERC order started all the power marketing craze and the fun Enron days. I still have some Enron items laying around to remind me of the good ole days.

  2. #102
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    North Central Arkansas
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    John Deere 4520,

    Default Re: Generator and electricity flow

    Quote Originally Posted by jejeosborne View Post
    I wasn't around when that book was written, lol. Things in this industry change so often. I have been in the wholesale energy business for 18 years and the last 15 years have changed more than the previous 100 years. Mostly due to individual control areas joining and making large power pools and the FERC order 888 back in the 90's that allowed open access to the transmission system. That FERC order started all the power marketing craze and the fun Enron days. I still have some Enron items laying around to remind me of the good ole days.
    Enron was a good company just the upper floor high energy accountants and stock dealers Had to be on those left handed cigerattes.

    Unbelieveable number of employees lost it all.
    My first telemeter pressure measurment was a record player that had frequency tones that increased with pressure. The player arm would ride over the spinning player until the phone rang then set down on record. The dispatcher used a tuning fork to "0" beat the tone for accurite the pressure reading.
    When retired every 2 sec. updated all readings from 470+ substations power plants .scada.
    Now all the dispatchers I worked with only meet at yearly christmas get to gather. They will not even allow any former employee in the building.
    Yes times have changed.

  3. #103
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    Southern Indiana
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    Kubota/B7800

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    Quote Originally Posted by Ken View Post

    Enron was a good company just the upper floor high energy accountants and stock dealers Had to be on those left handed cigerattes.

    Unbelieveable number of employees lost it all.
    My first telemeter pressure measurment was a record player that had frequency tones that increased with pressure. The player arm would ride over the spinning player until the phone rang then set down on record. The dispatcher used a tuning fork to "0" beat the tone for accurite the pressure reading.
    When retired every 2 sec. updated all readings from 470+ substations power plants .scada.
    Now all the dispatchers I worked with only meet at yearly christmas get to gather. They will not even allow any former employee in the building.
    Yes times have changed.
    I agree with the Enron comment to an extent. I spent a few days in Houston on their dime and they spent a lot of dimes.

    Our scada system is amazing. I am sitting in a secure control room right by myself doing a job that once would have taken 100 people. I am getting a suntan from the 15 computer monitors, many of them are 42" displays. It is funny to see some of the old log books from just 30 years ago and what they considered acceptable limits back then. We are able to hold voltage and frequency to a lot closer limit with the help of the computer and automation.

  4. #104
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    Sep 2012
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    north shore MA.

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    Quote Originally Posted by lostcause
    just curious... the original poster said that installing a transfer switch required open slots for breakers...
    I thought the OP was refering to putting a interlock in his breaker panel. In that case he would need two open slots in the panel at the top. But the panel was full, so it was sugested that four of the single circuit breakers could be replaced with two double circiut breakers, thus leaving two open slots.

    Thats how i remember it anyway.
    If only we could go back and look.
    :-)
    Dan H.

  5. #105
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    north shore MA.

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    Quote Originally Posted by jejeosborne

    When the time error reaches 10 seconds fast or slow, ALL generators in our interconnect, will adjust the generator governors to either 59.98 if fast or 60.02 if slow to get the time back and close to equal of the atomic clock in Boulder Colorado
    10 seconds! Is that right? On a 60 cycle system that's 600 cycles.
    Dan H.

  6. #106
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    Southern Indiana
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    Kubota/B7800

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    Quote Originally Posted by CNC Dan View Post
    10 seconds! Is that right? On a 60 cycle system that's 600 cycles.
    Yes, ten seconds is correct. People don't realize that some days they go to work 10 seconds early or late. MISO now handles our time error corrections because we now follow their dispatch schedule. Just a few years ago one of us operators would receive the phone call from the neighboring utility and enter the new frequency schedule into our scada system. They had a daisy chain of phone calls to contact all the control areas of the interconnect to start and stop at the same time.

    Load and generation differences are what causes the time error. In the morning hours or on high demand days, frequency is typically lagging due to generators not picking up quickly enough. Then the opposite happens after Jay Leno's monologue is over and people go to bed.

    Every MW on the system has to be accounted for thru metering with neighboring utilities. If I sell 50 MW's for the next hour, I have to pick up 50 more MW of generation than my current load and the buyer does the opposite on their scada system. The grid is like a lake. People put water in and others pull it out. My generation doesn't necessary serve my customers.

  7. #107
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    north shore MA.

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    so when you say "10 seconds" you mean all the gereration and all the load together. I thought that you meant that your station had gone out of sync with the rest of the grid about 600 cycles worth !
    Dan H.

  8. #108
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    Default Re: Generator and electricity flow

    Quote Originally Posted by CNC Dan View Post
    so when you say "10 seconds" you mean all the gereration and all the load together. I thought that you meant that your station had gone out of sync with the rest of the grid about 600 cycles worth !
    No I am talking grid (system) time compared to the actual time as measure by the atomic clock in Boulder. A generator cannot be off by more than a half cycle or 180 degrees standing alone before syncing. The only time error that matters is to the customer so that their clocks that are plugged into the grid stay accurate. Nobody wants to tell everyone in the country to reset their clocks. With all these auto setting clocks available, maybe some day time corrections will be a thing of the past.

  9. #109
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    Feb 2011
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    11
    Tractor
    New Holland TC 30

    Default Re: Generator and electricity flow

    Here's my follow up concerning the information I requested.

    I took the advice of daybreak1998 and CurleyDave and and want to express my thanks for their help as well as the constructive comments by everyone else.

    The installation of the new breakers, the interlock and the inlet box went smoothly for a total outlay of about $214.00.
    The house hasn't burned down or caught on fire even once and I didn't electrocute myself either.

    The generator plugs in and provides power to any of the circuits that the breakers are turned on for. It all works just right. Thanks very much, again.

    It has been discovered that many of the circuit breakers are mislabeled and I'm going to have to do a lot of running around the house turning breakers on and off, flipping light switches and testing outlets to assure that I really know what breakers are for what. It seems simple on the surface of it but that's going to take a lot of time and it's probably going to be easy to miss something. Is there some shortcut that I'm not smart enough to see on my own?

    The biggest load for the generator and the main reason I needed it is the well pump. I wanted to make sure that the generator would be big enough so I did some more reading on this forum and decided to buy a cheap clamp meter. I tested the current draw multiple times and learned that the running the pump draws about 6 or 7 amps and that when I watch the meter closely during start up there's a momentary surge of about 16 amps. When the peak hold function of the meter is used it records a 30 amp draw but I'm convinced that is of very short duration. In any case the generator I got starts and runs that pump quickly and without any apparent strain. I'm happy about that.

    Here are a couple of pictures of how it turned out. Thanks again!

    -img_2987b-jpg-img_2989b-jpg
    New Holland TC30, 7308 loader, box blade, rake, rotary cutter and back blade.

  10. #110
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    Aug 2012
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    Hartford, SD
    Tractor
    Kubota L3400F

    Default Re: Generator and electricity flow

    The electric runs will be grouped together like upstair, downstairs, living room, bathroom, etc. Most runs will power at least a room and often a larger area. Shouldn't be hard to track everything down. You can then buy some small colred stickers and label the breakers according if you want on when feeding from generator, want off, or occasionally want on. Kitchens normally can have a number of breakers including 220v feed.

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